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Kountche B. A., Hash C. T., Dodo H., Laoualy O., Sanogo M. D., Timbeli A., Vigouroux Yves, This D., Nijkamp R., Haussmann B. I. G. (2013). Development of a pearl millet Striga-resistant genepool : response to five cycles of recurrent selection under Striga-infested field conditions in West Africa. Field Crops Research, 154, 82-90. ISSN 0378-4290

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2013.07.008

Titre
Development of a pearl millet Striga-resistant genepool : response to five cycles of recurrent selection under Striga-infested field conditions in West Africa
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000328720600009
AuteursKountche B. A., Hash C. T., Dodo H., Laoualy O., Sanogo M. D., Timbeli A., Vigouroux Yves, This D., Nijkamp R., Haussmann B. I. G.
SourceField Crops Research, 2013, 154, p. 82-90. ISSN 0378-4290
RésuméStriga hermonthica (Del.) Benth. is a persistent threat to pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L) Morrone, comb. nov.] production, especially in West Africa. This study aimed at evaluating the response of a diversified pearl millet genepool to five cycles of recurrent selection targeting Striga resistance and panicle yield, and to a lesser extent downy mildew [Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) J. Schroet.] resistance. Two-hundred full-sib families (FS) representing the C-5 selection cycle were evaluated together with the genepool parental landraces, experimental varieties derived from previous cycles and local checks in Striga-infested fields at Sadore (Niger) and Cinzana (Mali). Substantial and mostly significant selection progress could be documented. The accumulated percentage gain from selection amounted to 51%/1% lower Striga infestation (measured by area under Striga number progress curve, ASNPC), 46%/62% lower downy mildew incidence, and 49%/31% higher panicle yield of the C-5-FS compared to the mean of the genepool parents at Sadore/Cinzana, respectively. Experimental varieties selected from previous cycles also revealed lower ASNPC and mostly higher yield compared to genepool parents at their selection sites. Significant genetic variation among the C-5-FS and operative heritabilities of 76% (Cinzana), 84% (Sadore) and 34% (combined across locations) for ASNPC will enable continued selection gain for Striga resistance. High genotype x environment interaction variances for all target traits suggest that different experimental varieties need to be extracted from the genepool for different sites. The genepool-derived varieties will be further validated on-farm and are expected to contribute to integrated Striga control in pearl millet in West Africa.
Plan de classementSciences du monde végétal [076]
Descr. géo.AFRIQUE SUBSAHARIENNE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010061411]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010061411
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010061411

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