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Ayouba Ahidjo, Duval L., Liégeois Florian, Ngin S., Ahuka-Mundeke S., Switzer W. M., Delaporte Eric, Ariey F., Peeters Martine, Nerrienet E. (2013). Nonhuman primate retroviruses from Cambodia : high simian foamy virus prevalence, identification of divergent STLV-1 strains and no evidence of SIV infection. Infection Genetics and Evolution, 18, 325-334. ISSN 1567-1348

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2013.04.015

Titre
Nonhuman primate retroviruses from Cambodia : high simian foamy virus prevalence, identification of divergent STLV-1 strains and no evidence of SIV infection
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000324660900040
AuteursAyouba Ahidjo, Duval L., Liégeois Florian, Ngin S., Ahuka-Mundeke S., Switzer W. M., Delaporte Eric, Ariey F., Peeters Martine, Nerrienet E.
SourceInfection Genetics and Evolution, 2013, 18, p. 325-334. ISSN 1567-1348
RésuméNonhuman primates (NHPs) carry retroviruses such as simian immunodeficiency viruses (Sly), simian T-cell lymphotropic viruses (STLV) and simian foamy viruses (SFV). Here, we revisited NHPs from Cambodia to assess the prevalence and diversity of these retroviruses using updated viral detection tools. We screened blood from 118 NHPs consisting of six species (Macaca fascicularis (n = 91), Macaca leonine (n = 8), Presbytis cristata (n = 3), Nycticebus coucang (n = 1), Hylobates pileatus (n = 14), and Pongo pygmaeus) (n = 1) by using a Luminex-based multiplex serology assay that allows the detection of all known SIV/HIV and SFV lineages. We also used highly sensitive PCR assays to detect each simian retrovirus group. Positive PCR products were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed to infer evolutionary histories. Fifty-three of 118 (44.9%) NHPs tested positive for SFV by serology and 8/52 (15.4%), all from M. fascicularis, were PCR-confirmed. The 8 novel SFV sequences formed a highly supported distinct lineage within a clade composed of other macaque SFV. We observed no serological or molecular evidence of Sly infection among the 118 NHP samples tested. Four of 118 (3.3%) NHPs were PCR-positive for STLV, including one M. fascicularis, one P. cristata, and two H. pileatus. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the four novel STLV belonged to the PTLV-1 lineage, outside the African radiation of PTLV-1, like all Asian PTLV identified so far. Sequence analysis of the whole STLV-1 genome from a H. pileatus (C578_Hp) revealed a genetic structure characteristic of PTLV. Similarity analysis comparing the STLV-1 (C578_Hp) sequence with prototype PTLVs showed that C578_Hp is closer to PTLV-ls than to all other types across the entire genome. In conclusion, we showed a high frequency of SFV infection but found no evidence of SIV infection in NHPs from Cambodia. We identified for the first time STLV-1 in a P. cristata and in two H. pileatus.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.CAMBODGE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010061167]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010061167
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010061167

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