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Guédron Stéphane, Grangeon S., Jouravel G., Charlet L., Sarret G. (2013). Atmospheric mercury incorporation in soils of an area impacted by a chlor-alkali plant (Grenoble, France) : contribution of canopy uptake. Science of the Total Environment, 445, 356-364. ISSN 0048-9697

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.084

Titre
Atmospheric mercury incorporation in soils of an area impacted by a chlor-alkali plant (Grenoble, France) : contribution of canopy uptake
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000316826800038
AuteursGuédron Stéphane, Grangeon S., Jouravel G., Charlet L., Sarret G.
SourceScience of the Total Environment, 2013, 445, p. 356-364. ISSN 0048-9697
RésuméThis study focused on the fluxes of mercury (Hg) and mechanisms of incorporation into soils surrounding a chlor-alkali plant suspected to have emitted up to similar to 600 kg Hg year(-1) for decades into the atmosphere. Comparison of vertical Hg soil profiles with As, Cu, Ni and Zn (which were not emitted by the plant) support Hg enrichment in surface horizons due to atmospheric Hg inputs from the chlor-alkali plant. Based on chemical extractions and elemental correlations, Hg was found to be weakly leachable and bio-available for plants, and most probably strongly bound to organic matter. In contrast, other trace elements were probably associated with phyllosilicates, iron oxides or with primary minerals. Hg stocks in the surface horizon of a forested soil (1255 mg Hg m(-3)) were two-fold higher than in an agricultural soil (636 mg Hg m(-3)) at a similar distance to the plant. The difference was attributed to the interception of atmospheric Hg by the canopy (most likely gaseous elemental Hg and reactive gaseous Hg) and subsequent litterfall incorporation. Some differences in the ability to trap atmospheric Hg were observed between tree species. The characterization of the litter showed an increasing Hg concentration in the plant material proportional to their degradation stage. In agricultural soils, very low Hg concentrations found in corn leaves and grains suggested a limited uptake via both the foliar and root pathways. Thus, the short-term risk of Hg transfer to agricultural crops and higher levels of the trophic chain appeared limited. A possible risk which remains to be evaluated is the possible transfer of Hg-rich particles from the forest topsoil to downstream aquatic ecosystems during rain and snowmelt events.
Plan de classementEtudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Sciences du milieu [021]
Descr. géo.FRANCE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060803]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060803
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060803

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