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Benelli C., De Carlo A., Engelmann Florent. (2013). Recent advances in the cryopreservation of shoot-derived germplasm of economically important fruit trees of Actinidia, Diospyros, Malus, Olea, Prunus, Pyrus and Vitis. Biotechnology Advances, 31 (2), 175-185. ISSN 0734-9750

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2012.09.004

Titre
Recent advances in the cryopreservation of shoot-derived germplasm of economically important fruit trees of Actinidia, Diospyros, Malus, Olea, Prunus, Pyrus and Vitis
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000316706600005
AuteursBenelli C., De Carlo A., Engelmann Florent.
SourceBiotechnology Advances, 2013, 31 (2), p. 175-185. ISSN 0734-9750
RésuméThis paper presents the advances made over the last decade in cryopreservation of economically important vegetatively propagated fruit trees. Cryopreservation protocols have been established using both dormant buds sampled on field-grown plants and shoot tips sampled on in vitro plantlets. In the case of dormant buds, scions are partially dehydrated by storage at -5 degrees C, and then cooled slowly to -30 degrees C using low cooling rates (c.a. 1 degrees C/h) before immersion in liquid nitrogen. After slow rewarming and rehydration of samples, regrowth takes place either through grafting of buds on rootstocks or excision of apices and inoculation in vitro. In the case of shoot tips of in vitro plantlets, the cryopreservation techniques employed are the following: controlled rate cooling procedures involving slow prefreezing followed by immersion in liquid nitrogen or vitrification-based procedures including encapsulation-dehydration, vitrification, encapsulation-vitrification and droplet-vitrification. The current status of cryopreservation for a series of fruit tree species including Actinidia, Diospyros, Mobs, Olea, Prunus, Pyrus and Vitis is presented. Routine application of cryopreservation for long-term germplasm storage in genebanks is currently limited to apple and pear, for which large cryopreserved collections have been established at NCGRP, Fort Collins (USA), using dormant buds and in vitro shoot tips, respectively. However, there are a growing number of examples of pilot scale testing experiments under way for different species in various countries. Progress in the further development and application of cryopreservation techniques will be made through a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the induction of tolerance to dehydration and ctyopreservation in frozen explants.
Plan de classementSciences du monde végétal [076] ; Biotechnologies [084]
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060776]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060776
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060776

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