Horizon / Plein textes La base de ressources documentaires de l'IRD

IRD

 

Publications des scientifiques de l'IRD

Louzao M., Aumont Olivier, Hothorn T., Wiegand T., Weimerskirch H. (2013). Foraging in a changing environment : habitat shifts of an oceanic predator over the last half century. Ecography, 36 (1), 57-67. ISSN 0906-7590

Accès réservé (Intranet IRD) Demander le PDF

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2012.07587.x

Titre
Foraging in a changing environment : habitat shifts of an oceanic predator over the last half century
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000315892600005
AuteursLouzao M., Aumont Olivier, Hothorn T., Wiegand T., Weimerskirch H.
SourceEcography, 2013, 36 (1), p. 57-67. ISSN 0906-7590
RésuméSpatial modelling studies stress the importance of predicting future species distribution in changing environments, but it is also important to establish historical distribution ranges of species to provide baseline conditions for understanding distribution shifts. We focused on pelagic ecosystems, the largest ecosystem on Earth. Based on boosting algorithms, we reconstructed the foraging patterns of an oceanic predator, wandering albatross Diomedea exulans, in the highly dynamic Southern Ocean over the last half century. To access the unobserved past oceanographic conditions, we used simulations of the OPA-PISCES oceanic model for the 19582001 period. Firstly, we validated the simulated oceanographic variables (sea surface temperature and height, wind speed and chlorophyll a) for the 19982001 period with remotely sensed oceanographic data, which were highly correlated, except chlorophyll a. Secondly, we developed two habitat models (based on simulated and observed oceanographic variables) describing the foraging probability of albatrosses. We detected no statistically significant differences between the two models and predictions of both models matched the observed distribution patterns reasonably. Finally, we projected the most likely historical key pelagic habitats of albatross for the 1958 to 2001 period and characterised recurrent, occasional and unfavourable foraging areas in a decadal basis based on average predictions and their standard deviations. Our findings 1) provided a historical baseline (19581968) of recurrent, occasional and unfavourable foraging habitats, 2) evidenced a progressive habitat shift the following decades driven by a propagation of sea surface height from SE South Africa towards Antarctica from 1958 to 2001 and 3) measured habitat change rates of wandering albatross over the last half century. To our knowledge, our study provides the first quantitative long-term assessment of the spatial response of a marine top predator to changing pelagic habitats of the Southern Ocean and highlighted the oceanographic mechanisms involved, offering new insights on future effects of climate change on the pelagic realm.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.OCEAN ANTARCTIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060755]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060755
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060755

Export des données

Disponibilité des documents

Télechargment fichier PDF téléchargeable

Lien sur le Web lien chez l'éditeur

Accès réservé en accès réservé

HAL en libre accès sur HAL


Accès aux documents originaux :

Le FDI est labellisé CollEx

Accès direct

Bureau du chercheur

Site de la documentation

Espace intranet IST (accès réservé)

Suivi des publications IRD (accès réservé)

Mentions légales

Services Horizon

Poser une question

Consulter l'aide en ligne

Déposer une publication (accès réservé)

S'abonner au flux RSS

Voir les tableaux chronologiques et thématiques

Centres de documentation

Bondy

Montpellier (centre IRD)

Montpellier (MSE)

Cayenne

Nouméa

Papeete

Abidjan

Dakar

Niamey

Ouagadougou

Tunis

La Paz

Quito