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Leroy Céline, Carrias J. F., Corbara B., Pelozuelo L., Dezerald O., Brouard O., Dejean A., Cereghino R. (2013). Mutualistic ants contribute to tank-bromeliad nutrition. Annals of Botany, 112 (5), 919-926. ISSN 0305-7364

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1093/aob/mct147

Titre
Mutualistic ants contribute to tank-bromeliad nutrition
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000323563200014
AuteursLeroy Céline, Carrias J. F., Corbara B., Pelozuelo L., Dezerald O., Brouard O., Dejean A., Cereghino R.
SourceAnnals of Botany, 2013, 112 (5), p. 919-926. ISSN 0305-7364
RésuméEpiphytism imposes physiological constraints resulting from the lack of access to the nutrient sources available to ground-rooted plants. A conspicuous adaptation in response to that lack is the phytotelm (plant-held waters) of tank-bromeliad species that are often nutrient-rich. Associations with terrestrial invertebrates also result in higher plant nutrient acquisition. Assuming that tank-bromeliads rely on reservoir-assisted nutrition, it was hypothesized that the dual association with mutualistic ants and the phytotelm food web provides greater nutritional benefits to the plant compared with those bromeliads involved in only one of these two associations. Quantitative (water volume, amount of fine particulate organic matter, predator/prey ratio, algal density) and qualitative variables (ant-association and photosynthetic pathways) were compared for eight tank- and one tankless-bromeliad morphospecies from French Guiana. An analysis was also made of which of these variables affect nitrogen acquisition (leaf N and N-15). All variables were significantly different between tank-bromeliad species. Leaf N concentrations and leaf N-15 were both positively correlated with the presence of mutualistic ants. The amount of fine particulate organic matter and predator/prey ratio had a positive and negative effect on leaf N-15, respectively. Water volume was positively correlated with leaf N concentration whereas algal density was negatively correlated. Finally, the photosynthetic pathway (C-3 vs. CAM) was positively correlated with leaf N concentration with a slightly higher N concentration for C-3-Tillandsioideae compared with CAM-Bromelioideae. The study suggests that some of the differences in N nutrition between bromeliad species can be explained by the presence of mutualistic ants. From a nutritional standpoint, it is more advantageous for a bromeliad to use myrmecotrophy via its roots than to use carnivory via its tank. The results highlight a gap in our knowledge of the reciprocal interactions between bromeliads and the various trophic levels (from bacteria to large metazoan predators) that intervene in reservoir-assisted nutrition.
Plan de classementSciences du monde végétal [076] ; Sciences du monde animal [080]
Descr. géo.GUYANE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060606]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060606
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060606

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