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Munoz F., Beeravolu C. R., Pélissier Raphaël, Couteron Pierre. (2013). Do spatially-implicit estimates of neutral migration comply with seed dispersal data in tropical forests ?. Plos One, 8 (8), e72497. ISSN 1932-6203

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072497

Titre
Do spatially-implicit estimates of neutral migration comply with seed dispersal data in tropical forests ?
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000323425700174
AuteursMunoz F., Beeravolu C. R., Pélissier Raphaël, Couteron Pierre.
SourcePlos One, 2013, 8 (8), p. e72497. p. e72497 ISSN 1932-6203
RésuméNeutral community models have shown that limited migration can have a pervasive influence on the taxonomic composition of local communities even when all individuals are assumed of equivalent ecological fitness. Notably, the spatially implicit neutral theory yields a single parameter / for the immigration-drift equilibrium in a local community. In the case of plants, seed dispersal is considered as a defining moment of the immigration process and has attracted empirical and theoretical work. In this paper, we consider a version of the immigration parameter / depending on dispersal limitation from the neighbourhood of a community. Seed dispersal distance is alternatively modelled using a distribution that decreases quickly in the tails (thin-tailed Gaussian kernel) and another that enhances the chance of dispersal events over very long distances (heavily fat-tailed Cauchy kernel). Our analysis highlights two contrasting situations, where / is either mainly sensitive to community size (related to ecological drift) under the heavily fat-tailed kernel or mainly sensitive to dispersal distance under the thin-tailed kernel. We review dispersal distances of rainforest trees from field studies and assess the consistency between published estimates of / based on spatially-implicit models and the predictions of the kernel-based model in tropical forest plots. Most estimates of / were derived from large plots (10-50 ha) and were too large to be accounted for by a Cauchy kernel. Conversely, a fraction of the estimates based on multiple smaller plots (1 ha) appeared too small to be consistent with reported ranges of dispersal distances in tropical forests. Very large estimates may reflect within-plot habitat heterogeneity or estimation problems, while the smallest estimates likely imply other factors inhibiting migration beyond dispersal limitation. Our study underscores the need for interpreting / as an integrative index of migration limitation which, besides the limited seed dispersal, possibly includes habitat filtering or fragmentation.
Plan de classementSciences du monde végétal [076] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.ZONE TROPICALE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060592]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060592
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060592

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