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Johnson J. M., Houngnandan P., Kane A., Sanon K. B., Neyra Marc. (2013). Diversity patterns of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with rhizosphere of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in Benin, West Africa. Pedobiologia, 56 (3), 121-128. ISSN 0031-4056

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.pedobi.2013.03.003

Titre
Diversity patterns of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with rhizosphere of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in Benin, West Africa
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000322352800002
AuteursJohnson J. M., Houngnandan P., Kane A., Sanon K. B., Neyra Marc.
SourcePedobiologia, 2013, 56 (3), p. 121-128. ISSN 0031-4056
RésuméAssessment of diversity and understanding factors underlying species distribution are fundamental themes in ecology. However, the diversity of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) species in African tropical agro-ecosystems remains weakly known. This research was carried out to assess the morphological diversity of indigenous AMF species associated with rhizosphere of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.) in different agro-ecological zones (AEZ) of Benin and to examine the effects of soil chemical properties, climatic factors and agricultural practices on this diversity. Results showed that, in Benin, cowpea was grown by farmers in very exhausted soils, where available phosphorus and potassium were deficient. The indigenous AMF spore density was on average 202 spores per bog dry soil and there was no difference in the density among the agro-ecological zones (P = 0.56). Fifteen AMF morphospecies belonging to eight genera (Gigaspora, Scutellospora, Racocetra, Acaulospora, Funneliformis, Rhizophagus, Glomus and Claroideoglomus) were detected. The computed species richness estimators indicated that a limited number of additional undetected morphospecies are probably present in cowpea fields. According to analysis of similarity (ANOSIM), the arbuscular mycorrhizas community composition of the Sudanian zone and Guinean zone were not significantly different (r = -0.01; P = 0.517). The diversity of AMF morphospecies in the fields was weak with prevalence of Glomeraceae (92%). Furthermore, AMF diversity and evenness indices were negatively correlated with annual rainfall (P < 0.01) and with available phosphorus (P < 0.05). However, no significant correlation was observed between AMF diversity indices and soil organic carbon. Ultimately, this study tends to confirm that soil management practices (tillage, soil disturbance) have negative effect on AMF diversity.
Plan de classementBiotechnologies [084] ; Sciences du monde végétal [076] ; Pédologie [068]
Descr. géo.BENIN
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060542]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060542
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060542

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