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Huerta E., Brunet Didier, Velazquez E., Lavelle Patrick. (2013). Identifying earthworm's organic matter signatures by near infrared spectroscopy in different land-use systems in Tabasco, Mexico. Applied Soil Ecology, 69 (SI), 49-55. ISSN 0929-1393

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2013.01.015

Titre
Identifying earthworm's organic matter signatures by near infrared spectroscopy in different land-use systems in Tabasco, Mexico
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000320493900008
AuteursHuerta E., Brunet Didier, Velazquez E., Lavelle Patrick.
SourceApplied Soil Ecology, 2013, 69 (SI), p. 49-55. ISSN 0929-1393
RésuméIn the state of Tabasco, South-eastern, Mexico, land-use changes such as the conversion of natural into agricultural systems, modify soil quality and the abundance of soil macrofauna, including earthworms. The aim of this study was to characterize by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) the earthworms' fingerprint in soil, in six sites including natural and agricultural ecosystems with low and high earthworm biomass and low and high earthworm diversity, in order to identify specific wavelengths that discriminate the presence/abundance of earthworm species and functional groups. The spectral region of 1860-1870 nm was significantly correlated with total earthworm density, particularly at one of the sites (Cedar polyculture; r=0.8, p < 0.05). Earthworm biomass had a specific NIRS wavelength according to the earthworm species and feeding category: 1820 and 1860-1870 nm wavelengths were significantly correlated with Polypheretima elongata (r(2) = 0.7, p <0.05; mesohumic species) biomass and 2090 nm for biomass of all Lavellodrilus species (polyhumics). Two species had a much wider spectral range: L bonampakensis and Dichogaster saliens (an epigeic worm; 1690-2300 nm, r(2) = 0.7, p <0.05). Biomasses of Periscolex brachysistis and Diplotrema murchiei were not significantly correlated with any near infrared wavelength spectra analyzed. Combining a maximum of 4 species per wavelength, mesohumic earthworms had a wider wavelength spectrum than polyhumics. Therefore, earthworm species diversity, biomass and abundance are associated with soil quality (as measured by NIR spectra) and this relationship varies with species and ecological category. Sites with lower and higher earthworm diversity have lower and higher soil organic matter quality, respectively, as observed by the wider or narrower spectral range with which earthworm biomasses are correlated.
Plan de classementBiologie du sol [074] ; Pédologie [068] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.MEXIQUE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060459]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060459
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060459

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