Geodiversity : exploration of 3D geological model space - fdi:010060458 - Horizon

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Lindsay M. D., Jessell Mark, Ailleres L., Perrouty S., de Kemp E., Betts P. G. (2013). Geodiversity : exploration of 3D geological model space. Tectonophysics, 594, 27-37. ISSN 0040-1951

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2013.03.013

Titre
Geodiversity : exploration of 3D geological model space
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000319791100003
AuteursLindsay M. D., Jessell Mark, Ailleres L., Perrouty S., de Kemp E., Betts P. G.
SourceTectonophysics, 2013, 594, p. 27-37. ISSN 0040-1951
RésuméThe process of building a 3D model necessitates the reconciliation of field observations, geophysical interpretation, geological data uncertainty and the prevailing tectonic evolution hypotheses and interpretations. Uncertainty is compounded when clustered data points collected at local scales are statistically upscaled to one or two points for use in regional models. Interpretation is required to interpolate between sparse field data points using ambiguous geophysical data in covered terranes. It becomes clear that multiple interpretations are possible during model construction. The various interpretations are considered as potential natural representatives, but pragmatism typically dictates that just a single interpretation is offered by the modelling process. Uncertainties are introduced into the 3D model during construction from a variety of sources and through data set optimisation that produces a single model. Practices such as these are likely to result in a model that does not adequately represent the target geology. A set of geometrical 'geodiversity' metrics are used to analyse a 3D model of the Gippsland Basin, southeastern Australia after perturbing geological input data via uncertainty simulation. The resulting sets of perturbed geological observations are used to calculate a suite of geological 3D models that display a range of geological architectures. The concept of biodiversity has been adapted for the geosciences to quantify geometric variability, or geodiversity, between models in order to understand the effect uncertainty has models geometry. Various geometrical relationships (depth, volume, contact surface area, curvature and geological complexity) are used to describe the range of possibilities exhibited throughout the model suite. End-member models geodiversity metrics are classified in a similar manner to taxonomic descriptions. Further analysis of the model suite is performed using principal component analysis (PCA) to determine important geometrical characteristics. The configuration of the model space is determined through identifying 'outlier' model examples, which potentially represent undiscovered model 'species'.
Plan de classementGéologie et formations superficielles [064] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
Descr. géo.AUSTRALIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060458]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060458
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060458

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