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Leopold A., Marchand Cyril, Deborde J., Chaduteau C., Allenbach M. (2013). Influence of mangrove zonation on CO2 fluxes at the sediment-air interface (New Caledonia). Geoderma, 202, 62-70. ISSN 0016-7061

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Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.03.008

Titre
Influence of mangrove zonation on CO2 fluxes at the sediment-air interface (New Caledonia)
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000320423300008
AuteursLeopold A., Marchand Cyril, Deborde J., Chaduteau C., Allenbach M.
SourceGeoderma, 2013, 202, p. 62-70. ISSN 0016-7061
RésuméMangroves are the major ecosystems of tropical and subtropical coastlines. They are considered as a sink for atmospheric CO2 because they are characterized both by high net primary production, and by low rates of organic matter decomposition. However, a recent reassessment of the global mangrove budget suggests that organic carbon sinks have been underestimated, notably CO2 efflux from sediments and creek waters, and tidal export of dissolved inorganic carbon. Our objective was to understand the influence of mangrove zonation on the magnitude of CO2 fluxes at the sediment-air interface. Transparent and opaque dynamic closed chamber systems, coupled with an infra-red gas analyzer were used to measure CO2 fluxes. In addition, the physico-chemical properties (salinity, redox potential) of pore waters were determined, as well as the carbon content and the origin of surface sediments (Chlorophyll-a and delta C-13). Depending on the type of measurement (in the dark with or without biofilm, in the light with biofilm) and mangrove stand (saltflat, Avicennia sp., or Rhizophora spp.), mean surface sediment CO2 fluxes ranged between 40 +/- 56 and 199 +/- 95 mmol.m(-2).d(-1). We suggest that these differences mainly result both from the organic content and the redox conditions of the sediments, which are influenced by the physiological activities of the root system, and by the position and the elevation of the stand in the intertidal zone. In addition, the quality and abundance of biofilm, which also vary with the mangrove stand, also appear to strongly affect sediment CO2 fluxes as a result of chemical (metabolism) and also physical (barrier) processes.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Etudes, transformation, conservation du milieu naturel [082] ; Géologie et formations superficielles [064]
Descr. géo.NOUVELLE CALEDONIE
LocalisationFonds IRD [F B010060427]
Identifiant IRDfdi:010060427
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010060427

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