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Teaniniuraitemoana V., Huvet A., Levy P., Klopp C., Lhuillier E., Gaertner-Mazouni Nabila, Gueguen Y., Le Moullac G. (2014). Gonad transcriptome analysis of pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera : identification of potential sex differentiation and sex determining genes. Bmc Genomics, 15, art. 491. ISSN 1471-2164

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-491

Titre
Gonad transcriptome analysis of pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera : identification of potential sex differentiation and sex determining genes
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000338246900001
AuteursTeaniniuraitemoana V., Huvet A., Levy P., Klopp C., Lhuillier E., Gaertner-Mazouni Nabila, Gueguen Y., Le Moullac G.
SourceBmc Genomics, 2014, 15, p. art. 491. p. art. 491 ISSN 1471-2164
RésuméBackground: Black pearl farming is based on culture of the blacklip pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera (Mollusca, lophotrochozoa), a protandrous hermaphrodite species. At first maturation, all individuals are males. The female sex appears progressively from two years old, which represents a limitation for broodstock conditioning for aquaculture production. In marine mollusks displaying hermaphroditic features, data on sexual determinism and differentiation, including the molecular sex determining cascade, are scarce. To increase genomic resources and identify the molecular mechanisms whereby gene expression may act in the sexual dimorphism of P. margaritifera, we performed gonad transcriptome analysis. Results: The gonad transcriptome of P. margaritifera was sequenced from several gonadic samples of males and females at different development stages, using a Next-Generation-Sequencing method and RNAseq technology. After Illumina sequencing, assembly and annotation, we obtained 70,147 contigs of which 62.2% shared homologies with existing protein sequences, and 9% showed functional annotation with Gene Ontology terms. Differential expression analysis identified 1,993 differentially expressed contigs between the different categories of gonads. Clustering methods of samples revealed that the sex explained most of the variation in gonad gene expression. K-means clustering of differentially expressed contigs showed 815 and 574 contigs were more expressed in male and female gonads, respectively. The analysis of these contigs revealed the presence of known specific genes coding for proteins involved in sex determinism and/or differentiation, such as dmrt and fem-1 like for males, or foxl2 and vitellogenin for females. The specific gene expression profiles of pmarg-fem1-like, pmarg-dmrt and pmarg-foxl2 in different reproductive stages (undetermined, sexual inversion and regression) suggest that these three genes are potentially involved in the sperm-oocyte switch in P. margaritifera. Conclusions: The study provides a new transcriptomic tool to study reproduction in hermaphroditic marine mollusks. It identifies sex differentiation and potential sex determining genes in P. margaritifera, a protandrous hermaphrodite species.
Plan de classementLimnologie biologique / Océanographie biologique [034] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
LocalisationFonds IRD
Identifiant IRDPAR00012015
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/PAR00012015

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