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Louati H., Ben Said O., Soltani A., Got P., Cravo-Laureau C., Duran R., Aissa P., Pringault Olivier, Mahmoudi E. (2014). Biostimulation as an attractive technique to reduce phenanthrene toxicity for meiofauna and bacteria in lagoon sediment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21 (5), 3670-3679. ISSN 0944-1344

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1007/s11356-013-2330-5

Titre
Biostimulation as an attractive technique to reduce phenanthrene toxicity for meiofauna and bacteria in lagoon sediment
Année de publication2014
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000331823000043
AuteursLouati H., Ben Said O., Soltani A., Got P., Cravo-Laureau C., Duran R., Aissa P., Pringault Olivier, Mahmoudi E.
SourceEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research, 2014, 21 (5), p. 3670-3679. ISSN 0944-1344
RésuméA microcosm experiment was setup to examine (1) the effect of phenanthrene contamination on meiofauna and bacteria communities and (2) the effects of different bioremediation strategies on phenanthrene degradation and on the community structure of free-living marine nematodes. Sediments from Bizerte lagoon were contaminated with (100 mg kg(-1)) phenanthrene and effects were examined after 20 days. Biostimulation (addition of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer or mineral salt medium) and bioaugmentation (inoculation of a hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium) were used as bioremediation treatments. Bacterial biomass was estimated using flow cytometry. Meiofauna was counted and identified at the higher taxon level using a stereomicroscope. Nematodes, comprising approximately two thirds of total meiofauna abundance, were identified to genus or species. Phenanthrene contamination had a severe impact on bacteria and meiofauna abundances with a strong decrease of nematodes with a complete disappearance of polychaetes and copepods. Bioremediation counter balanced the toxic effects of phenanthrene since meiofauna and bacteria abundances were significantly higher (p < 0.01) than those observed in phenanthrene contamination. Up to 98 % of phenanthrene removal was observed. In response to phenanthrene contamination, the nematode species had different behavior: Daptonema fallax was eliminated in contaminated microcosms, suggesting that it is an intolerant species to phenanthrene; Neochromadora peocilosoma, Spirinia parasitifera, and Odontophora n. sp., which significantly (p < 0.05) increased in contaminated microcosms, could be considered as "opportunistic" species to phenanthrene whereas Anticoma acuminata and Calomicrolaimus honestus increased in the treatment combining biostimulation and bioaugmentation. Phenanthrene had a significant effect on meiofaunal and bacterial abundances (p < 0.05), with a strong reduction of density and change in the nematode communities. Biostimulation using mineral salt medium strongly enhanced phenanthrene removal, leading to a decrease of its toxicity. This finding opens exciting axes for the future use of biostimulation to reduce toxic effects of PAHs for meiofauna and bacteria in lagoon sediment.
Plan de classementEcologie, systèmes aquatiques [036] ; Pollution [038]
Descr. géo.TUNISIE
LocalisationFonds IRD
Identifiant IRDPAR00011481
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/PAR00011481

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