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Xiong H. Y., Barker S. C., Burger T. D., Raoult Didier, Shao R. F. (2013). Heteroplasmy in the mitochondrial genomes of human lice and ticks revealed by high throughput sequencing. Plos One, 8 (9), e73329. ISSN 1932-6203

Lien direct chez l'éditeur doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073329

Titre
Heteroplasmy in the mitochondrial genomes of human lice and ticks revealed by high throughput sequencing
Année de publication2013
Type de documentArticle référencé dans le Web of Science WOS:000324408400021
AuteursXiong H. Y., Barker S. C., Burger T. D., Raoult Didier, Shao R. F.
SourcePlos One, 2013, 8 (9), p. e73329. p. e73329 ISSN 1932-6203
RésuméThe typical mitochondrial (mt) genomes of bilateral animals consist of 37 genes on a single circular chromosome. The mt genomes of the human body louse, Pediculus humanus, and the human head louse, Pediculus capitis, however, are extensively fragmented and contain 20 minichromosomes, with one to three genes on each minichromosome. Heteroplasmy, i.e. nucleotide polymorphisms in the mt genome within individuals, has been shown to be significantly higher in the mt cox1 gene of human lice than in humans and other animals that have the typical mt genomes. To understand whether the extent of heteroplasmy in human lice is associated with mt genome fragmentation, we sequenced the entire coding regions of all of the mt minichromosomes of six human body lice and six human head lice from Ethiopia, China and France with an Illumina HiSeq platform. For comparison, we also sequenced the entire coding regions of the mt genomes of seven species of ticks, which have the typical mitochondrial genome organization of bilateral animals. We found that the level of heteroplasmy varies significantly both among the human lice and among the ticks. The human lice from Ethiopia have significantly higher level of heteroplasmy than those from China and France (P-t<0.05). The tick, Amblyomma cajennense, has significantly higher level of heteroplasmy than other ticks (P-t<0.05). Our results indicate that heteroplasmy level can be substantially variable within a species and among closely related species, and does not appear to be determined by single factors such as genome fragmentation.
Plan de classementEntomologie médicale / Parasitologie / Virologie [052] ; Sciences fondamentales / Techniques d'analyse et de recherche [020]
LocalisationFonds IRD
Identifiant IRDPAR00011053
Lien permanenthttp://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/PAR00011053

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